There are three basic options for natural gas station ownership and maintenance.
Companies such as Clean Energy, FortisBC, GazMetro Transport Solutions, ANGI Energy Systems, and Trillium (Integrys Energy Systems) build, operate, and maintain CNG refueling stations. FortisBC, GazMetro, and Clean Energy also provide a build, operate, and maintain service for LNG refueling stations.
Fleets can independently design their own refueling station, and purchase equipment and services such as station installation or maintenance. The natural gas is purchased from a utility or gas marketer if a CNG station is being built. If an LNG station is being built, then the fleet will have to set up a fuel supply contract with an LNG producer. Using a do-it-yourself model, the fleet owner develops the specifications and installs the station using their own capital. The fleet owner can operate and maintain the station or it can contract this out to a third party.
Natural gas utilities deliver natural gas with the natural gas passed through at cost. A utility may also provide the refueling stations. Some utilities provide CNG stations only, while others can assist with both CNG and LNG stations. Utilities including ATCO Gas, Enbridge Gas Distribution, FortisBC, GazMetro, and Union Gas may also provide support to develop equipment specifications, design, and install the refueling stations. Fleets can maintain their own station or contract out maintenance services to a third party that can also provide station monitoring and emergency response services on a 24 hour, 7 day per week basis.